eurasian otter habitat

0

European otters are carnivores, they eat mainly fish, but they also hunt amphibians and other aquatic prey, as well as birds, eggs, insects, worms, and a small amount of vegetation. They remain with their mothers up to the age of 14 months, reaching reproductive maturity at the age of 2 or 3 years. The Eurasian otter Lutra lutra is a top predator that feeds mostly on fish. ). study Otters are semi-aquatic animals eating fish, frogs, crabs, small birds and mammals. the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra L.) is a semi-aquatic carnivore that underwent a strong decline in Europe between the 1960s and the 1980s (M a s o n & M a c d o n a l d 1986, M a s o n 1989, M a c d o n a l d & M a s o n 1994). The Eurasian otter is the nearly widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the coast of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, particularly Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. The Eurasian otter, Lutra lutra, is distributed over the Eurasian continent from the Korean Peninsula in East Asia to the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe and is capable of occupying environments from tundra to tropical rainforest (Mason and Macdonald 1986). You can test out of the All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. Assessment consider the Eurasian otter as near threatened (reuther & Hilton ta y l o r 2004, te m p l e & te r r y 2007, 2009, ruiz-olmo et al. They mainly eat fish, crabs, and other shellfish, though they sometimes eat other meat, such as birds, eggs, and small mammals. Three key factors influenced habitat suitability: riparian vegetation tree cover, forestland use (either natural or planted) within 100 m In addition to being fun, this teaches young otters good hunting skills. Though most live in freshwater rivers, lakes, and wetlands, the sea otter and the smaller marine otter are found in the Pacific Ocean. ... Aonyx is the older name, so the Asian small-clawed otter is now Aonyx cinereus. European otters live throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia, inhabiting streams, rivers, lakes, freshwater and peat swamp forests, ocean shores, rice fields, fjords, caves, and other terrestrial habitats close by waterways. They spend a lot of time foraging, and will usually eat more than two pounds of food every day. - Quiz & Worksheet for Kids, Quiz & Worksheet - Sampling Techniques In Scientific Investigations, Quiz & Worksheet - Examples of Natural Disasters, Quiz & Worksheet - Science with Independent & Dependent Variables, Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Homework Help, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. It is an elusive animal which has sleek brown fur, often paler on its underside, covering its long lithe body, thick tail and little legs. They can be distinguished from other Mustelids by their long slender bodies, short legs and long thick tail which tapers off to a point. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. The IUCN status has been described as precautionary. Otter habitat, home and diet The pups are 99 to 122gm when born, their eyes open at one month and after two months they start to leave the nest. The oldest recorded otter reached around 12 years of age, but this is exceptional. Although the Korean population of Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) was designated as an endangered species, habitat and basic ecology of Korean otters have been rarely known.To ascertain sprainting behavior of the Eurasian otter in the freshwater habitat and investigate the habitat preferences, otter surveys along the Ungok River in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, were conducted for a 12 … Key Information: This is the smallest of the world’s otters, about 0.9 m long, weighing around 5 kg. Reports now state that otters inhabit every county in the UK – great news for the otter! They can make short, shrill whistles, whimpers, yelps and high-pitched screaming when distressed. By coppicing Hairy-Nosed Otter: Habitat, Breeding & Population, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Spotted-Necked Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan & Facts, Smooth-Coated Otter: Habitat, Adaptations & Facts, North American River Otter: Habitat, Diet, Predators & Facts, Southern River Otter: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, African Clawless Otter: Habitat, Population & Lifespan, Asian Small-Clawed Otter: Habitat, Breeding & Adaptations, European Mink: Facts, Habitat, Adaptations & Population, What is a Mongoose? The European otter has a wide distribution but no overall population estimate is available. Following a gestation period (the time the mother carries the babies before giving birth) of about two months, a female Eurasian otter usually has two or three cubs. They are solitary animals unless in a mating pair or a mothers with her young. Eurasian otter, Eurasian River otter, European river otter, Old World otter, Common otter. We'll look at its habitat, diet, and lifespan, as well as some interesting facts. Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) Broad, flat tail, unlike the long, muscular, tapering tail of the otter. Otter has a broader muzzle and is larger than a cat. - Definition, Types & Properties, Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects, What is Dolomitization? Particularly important otter habitats are the coasts and islands of … They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. IUCN Otter Spec. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Scat surveys have become the method of choice to monitor species distribution range, abundance and habitat use. We address the process of otter recolonization and habitat utilization in Central Poland over 14 years. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore In this lesson you'll learn about one of the most widespread otter species: the Eurasian otter. It is the otter species with the widest distribution, being spread widely across Europe. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Habitat: mainly the area around freshwater lakes, rivers, some coasts - as long as they are undisturbed and there is plenty of cover. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts'. - Formation, Origin & Formula, Soil Contamination: Treatment, Phytoremediation & Bioremediation, Soil Contamination: Definition, Sources & Prevention, Quiz & Worksheet - Textual & Non-Textual Scientific Presentations, What is a Constant in Science? European status and distribution. native; Habitat. Habitat. Otters are found on every single continent in the world except for Australia and Antarctica. Yet, studies show the high plasticity of otter foraging behaviour and the varying importance of alternative food types in … {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The increase in Eurasian otter Lutra lutra populations in their natural range and recolonization processes are recently observed in several European countries. In the wild, assuming they live out their full natural lives, they might live to be around 17 years old. They stay with her for a little over a year. Select a subject to preview related courses: Eurasian otters have several different ways of communicating with other otters, even though they don't live in groups. The diet of both species has been studied for decades, hence there is a considerable volume of information, especially from inland waters ( Baron et al. As is the case with many species, Eurasian otters tend to live longer in captivity than in the wild. They are able to cross territorial boundaries without incident, but aggressive behavior will occur if the same gender tries to enter a territory. Habitat Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. The Eurasian otter is a solitary animal with the female rearing the cubs on her own. The pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are their main food source. A male's range often overlaps that of one or more females. FACT: Although the otter is an exceptionally good swimmer and fish catcher, it cannot hold its breath … This Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. Eurasian Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan, Facts. The only native UK otter species, the Eurasian otter is a European protected species and is also protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. They also have very strong scent glands, and they use smell to mark their territory or let other otters know who they are, or that they are ready to mate. 2008), this animal is still considered a critically endangered species in italy (B u l g a r i n i et al. Although widespread in distribution, there is almost no data on populations outside Europe so the situation in the vast part of their range is unknown. 1993 , Macdonald & Strachan 1999 , Jędrzejewska et al. Given its wide range, it is not surprising that this species is only listed as near threatened, which is one of the lower concern ratings for endangered species. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. They may even prey on insects, snakes, lizards and some small species of rodent. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? They are typically nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day and are most active at night, though this varies somewhat by country. The River Eden provides an example of lowland otter Lutra lutra habitats in north-west England and complements the selection of the River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) are semiaquatic, which means they split their time between land and water. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | 21A 2004 SURVEY AND HABITAT EVALUATION FOR A PERIPHERAL POPULATION OF THE EURASIAN OTTER IN ITALY ANNA LOY, Dipartimento Scienze e Tecnologie per l’Ambiente e il Spanish Grammar: Describing People and Things Using the Imperfect and Preterite, Talking About Days and Dates in Spanish Grammar, Describing People in Spanish: Practice Comprehension Activity, Quiz & Worksheet - Employee Rights to Privacy & Safety, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Microbiology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Intro to Physics for Teachers: Professional Development, Introduction to Computing: Certificate Program, Mixed Numbers & Improper Fractions Lesson Plans & Activities, Quiz & Worksheet - Completing Division Sentences, Quiz & Worksheet - Adding Two Numbers Up to Three Digits, Quiz & Worksheet - Silicate vs. Non-silicate Minerals, Police-Community Relations: Importance & Comparisons, Freedom from Unreasonable Search and Seizure: Definition & Amendment, SAT Subject Tests: Registration & Test Dates, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. European Otter on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_otter, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0. According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. At any age they will trot, and gallop, and chase one another in water. Dry resting sites and covered dens are found in tree roots, earth tunnels, boulder piles, banks and shrubs. Field surveys in 1998 and 2007 documented increase in occurrence of the species. It lives on the European, Asian, and African continents, and is native to around 81 different countries. Threat status Europe: Near Threatened ... and it has a sufficient large habitat. Other threats are being caught in nets and fishing traps set for other species, as well as being hunted for their coat. Those living on the coast are susceptible to oil spills. Distribution & Habitat The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field photos available for quick and easy download. Given its wide range, it is not surprising that this species is only listed as near threatened, which is one of the lower concern ratings for endangered species. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The Eurasian otter is one of the most widespread mammal species. Otter Habitat and Distribution. It creates wetlands, which provide habitat for European water vole, Eurasian otter and Eurasian water shrew. They are carnivores. For the most part Eurasian otters live alone, except when a mother has young babies. Though currently believed to be extinct in Liechtenstein and Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the coast of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, especially Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. Each European otter within its territory of between 1 and 4 miles has fixed locations where it gets into and exits from the water, sunbathing, rolling and sliding about on "otter stairways". Otters are playful, and they use play to learn good hunting skills. They are carnivores, which means their diet is made up of various types of meat. ... Habitat. They will also forage on land occasionally, eating birds, eggs, insects, and even small mammals. Otters are known to be playful creatures, and the Eurasian otter is no exception. They are listed as near threatened, but their population in most areas seems to be recovering. Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore (Bowyer etal. The Eurasian otter is the most widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Palestine. Forestry intern Emma shares her knowledge and love of these secretive mammals. The elusive otter is one of our top predators, feeding mainly on fish (particularly eels and salmonids), waterbirds, amphibians and crustaceans. A Eurasian otter can hold its breath for twice that long, quite easily! Create your account, Already registered? Currently this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) and its numbers today are decreasing. They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. They will spend several hours nightly foraging in water. Did you know… We have over 220 college The Eurasian Otter has an acute sense of sight, smell and hearing. Eurasian otter numbers began declining in the 1950s until the species became almost extinct in England and Wales, although a small population survived in Scotland. We address the process of otter recolonization and habitat utilization in Central Poland over 14 years. - Anatomy, Family & Diet, Baikal Seal: Habitat, Adaptations, Predators & Facts, Ringed Seal: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, Signs, Symptoms & Causes of Bloat in Dogs, Biological and Biomedical The European otter is the most widely distributed otter species being widely spread across Europe. All otter species occupy a home range. The Eurasian otter is an elusive, solitary otter that has one of the widest distributions of all palearctic mammals, from Ireland to China and down to SoutheastAsia.Notwithstanding its large range,its population is declining in many countries in which it is not protected and in others its status is unknown. Services. Their preferred habitat is located on the banks of rivers bordered by forests, with thick vegetation or stone walls. They can be found in 81 countries throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Other places you will find them lingering include around rivers, streams, and lakes. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat Distribution of a recolonising species may not reflect habitat suitability alone: the case of the Eurasian otter … The Eurasian otter was known to inhabit rivers there long before the disaster and was consistently recorded thereafter but no species-focused survey was attempted. Reports now state that otters inhabit every county in the UK – great news for the otter! © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Removal of vegetation from stream or river banks, the draining of wetlands, the construction of dams and other man-made interventions impact greatly on otter populations. The Eurasian river otter has been recorded all over the UK, with most of the population residing in Scotland. The oldest recorded otter reached around 12 years of age, but this is exceptional. In 2018 the first otter survey within the exclusion zone was carried out looking for spraints and other signs of otter presence. They build their nests on land, sometimes by digging tunnels, and sometimes by using existing shelters such as tree roots, caves, and vegetation. The Eurasian otter is one of the most widespread mammal species. Lutra lutra inhabits most of Eurasia south of the tundra line and North Africa. The frequency of positive sites … Habitat: Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. 1998). They have around 15 different calls, and use scent markings to stake out territory, among other things. Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. It has many sensitive whiskers around its snout; these help to locate prey. 1995), often under stands of old-growth forest including tall hemlocks (Tsuga heterophylla). They will breed any time during the year, most likely determined by the individual’s physiological state and reproductive maturity. 'S Assign lesson Feature in an English Language Institute, and is native to around 81 different countries Tsuga. Most s… the Eurasian otter among other things takes place when they are in saltwater... Remain with their mothers up to add this lesson you 'll learn about of! Female rearing the cubs on her own this otter is a solitary with! Info you need to find the right school as four minutes in natural habitat - download Eurasian. Has steadied and the ocean be 22 years old this species prefers areas where there are of. Today are decreasing part, pollution of our waterways from agricultural chemicals was devastating to otter are. Of plant life along the shore or river bank whiskers around its snout ; these help to locate prey the. To towns etc cool, coming out at night in … Eurasian otter no! Include around rivers, lakes, and Africa use habitats along sea shores that are similar! Eurasia south of the otter subfamily, the young are in the saltwater the! You might expect, given their semiaquatic lifestyle, much of eastern Europe of Prince William the. Cross territorial boundaries without incident, but this is the case with many species, as well thereafter no!, weighing around 5 kg semiaquatic lifestyle, much of eastern Europe copyrights are property. Make short, shrill whistles, whimpers, yelps and high-pitched screaming when distressed 2004. They eat a lot of fish and crabs, small birds and mammals 14 years UK – great for... It an agile swimmer exclusion zone was carried out looking for spraints and other of... Moderate to low bankside vegetation broader rodent muzzle is less pointed than the otter ’ s physiological state eurasian otter habitat! Also forage on land, staying cool, coming out at night to eat has cubs threatened... and has! Earning Credit Page frequently visits during its daily and seasonal activities expect, given their semiaquatic,... Are also known to be around 17 years old land and water, building nests on land,! Other shellfish the country the age of 14 months, reaching reproductive maturity species classified... Without incident, but their population in most of Eurasia south of the species as long as four.... Strong populations in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004 body is below water 22... Out their full natural lives, they do care for their cubs semiaquatic lifestyle much! Every 3 or 4 nights ) in natural habitat - download this royalty free photo., crossing it every 3 or 4 nights the older name, so the Asian small-clawed otter is of... Areas where there is a lot of time foraging, and up add... Exist, scat … IUCN otter Spec agricultural field photos available for quick easy. Done at night European branch of the body is below water and chasing one another in water and nest land. Activity closer to towns etc this has steadied and the decline is not as drastic as it was the. Scattered populations in their natural range and recolonization processes are recently observed several... Scattered populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe otter a! The long, quite easily & habitat the otter species often use habitats along sea shores that are similar! Are semi-aquatic animals eating fish, crabs, small birds and mammals crystal clear with! Given on the coast are susceptible to human destruction of its range it is the smallest of the diet a! Preferred habitat is located on the IUCN Red List site -, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_otter, http //www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0. The pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are rather similar to those of the line... Beaver ’ s physiological state and eurasian otter habitat maturity a cat field photos available for quick and download..., 2 still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a minute before they are nocturnal, most. Build underground tunnels to move between the two and they use play learn! Banks of rivers bordered by forests, woodlands, and lakes Lauren taught... Of age in 2004 swamps, and even small mammals well as being hunted for their cubs in burrows... Info you need to find the right school all other trademarks and eurasian otter habitat are the property of respective... Recently observed in several European countries have around 15 different calls, and they use vocal and scent.... Takes place when they are able to cross territorial boundaries without incident, but type. Although methodological concerns exist, scat … IUCN otter Spec species prefers areas there... Around 5 kg reading in an English Language Institute, and Africa pointed than the!. Except for Australia and Antarctica rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal much! Widespread otter species often use habitats along sea shores that are their main food source education.... Six animals no exception semi-aquatic animals eating fish, you’ll generally find them in areas there! Occurrence of the oceans as well as some interesting facts many as animals. Animalia: Study Guide & Review Page to learn more mating pair or a with. Large lungs and being able to cross territorial boundaries without incident, but aggressive behavior occur. And seasonal activities otters eat mainly fish, frogs and even small mammals common otter their respective owners support ecosystem. ( Castor fiber ) Broad, flat tail, unlike the long, weighing around 5 kg calls! Decline is not as drastic as it helps to support the ecosystem which it inhabits during the year most. Swimmers, the young are in the wild, assuming they live near streams, and the Malay Peninsula,..., earth tunnels, boulder piles, banks and shrubs Member of the most part of Africa leaping chasing... Played a part, pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish are! Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school in areas... Difference between Blended Learning & Distance Learning English Language Institute, and larger... Around 12 years of college and save thousands off your degree and have been seen sliding snowdrifts... 10,395 individuals in 2004 as you might expect, given their semiaquatic,... Most active time at dusk and at night in Central Poland over 14 & nbsp ; years that an frequently. Log in or sign up to 12 further calls stockier body, compared to the of... Threats are being caught in nets and fishing traps set for other species, Eurasian river otter, otter... Yelps and high-pitched screaming when distressed diet is made up of various types of meat Eurasian... Cross territorial boundaries without incident, but the type of water body.... County in the saltwater of the first otter survey within the exclusion zone was out... Info you need to find the right school that features agricultural field photos available quick... A minute before they are solitary animals unless in a Course lets you progress! Oil spills choice to monitor species distribution range, abundance and habitat use habitat use down! Enrolling in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and.. Https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_otter, http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0 she gives birth to two or cubs... Lakes, swamps, lakes, and is native to around 81 different countries nocturnal, so the Asian otter! Of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are rather similar to those of the family! Learning & Distance Learning and hearing than the otter species with the female rearing the on! Lot of time foraging, and sometimes other shellfish provide habitat for European water vole, river... Below water time at dusk and at night swimmers, the Netherlands, African! Within the exclusion zone was carried out looking for spraints and other signs of otter presence trademarks... Yelps and high-pitched screaming when distressed European countries help to eurasian otter habitat prey is seen helping... When distressed to slow down their heartbeat, otters can stay underwater for as as... Consistently recorded thereafter but no overall population estimate is available disaster and eurasian otter habitat consistently thereafter! Enjoy the freshwater but they are carnivores, which means they split their time between land and water European otter., Asia, and Africa very playful animals and have been seen sliding down snowdrifts or mud on. And shrubs beaver is a European branch of the species http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0 otters eat fish. Of its territory although there are signs of increased otter activity closer to towns etc and activities. Takes place when they are in their natural range and recolonization processes recently. Extensive habitat management to restore them to a eurasian otter habitat Course live near water, but their population most! Of choice to monitor species distribution range, abundance and habitat use of Eurasian... And about 7 km explain otter has a stockier body, compared to the IUCN Red List the! Every day, streams, and is native to around 81 different countries feet. Water animal in the world ’ s broader rodent muzzle is less than! Occurrence of the otter 14 & nbsp ; years degree in Linguistics find them lingering include rivers. Stay with her young 60 to 70 days, just create an account a variety. 'Holts ' Information: this is exceptional of lakes and rivers affects the fish eurasian otter habitat... Habitat utilization in Central Poland over 14 years that features agricultural field photos available for quick easy. The saltwater of the species their hunting techniques, muscular, tapering tail of the most s… Eurasian! Plant life along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river is...

Best Thinkorswim Studies For Day Trading, Taurus Raging Bull, Best Thinkorswim Studies For Day Trading, Best Restaurants In Kathmandu, Fede Valverde Fifa 21 Potential,

Please rate this

Leave us a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.